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Water In Your Glass

For every 4 people, 1 does not have access to safe drinking water.

Unsafe water accounts for 1.2 million deaths annually.
In Chad, a landlocked country that is the 5th largest in Africa, 1 in 7 deaths were connected to unsafe water. Less than 50% of children and only a little over half of total Chadians have access to safe drinking water.
Many Chadians, as a part of their daily life, walk to collect water. For hours a day, women gather water. They are not alone: close to a billion people have to walk for water, globally.
Additionally, the daily risk of drinking the water is taken. According to CDC, “Unsafe water is water that contains germs, parasites, or toxic chemicals.” Contaminated water and poor sanitation are linked to the transmission of diseases such as typhoid, diarrhoea, and cholera. There are 3 million cases of cholera, around 129,000 typhoid fever deaths and diarrhoea disease represents the second leading cause of death in children younger than five.

Clear water is poured onto the hands of a person.


SDG Target 6.1 represents the goal to “achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all” by 2030. However, this goal may not be reached, as in 2015, 70% of the world’s population had access to safe drinking water. 5 years later, in 2020, this number did not increase by much; only by 4%. By 2030, if we were to continue at this rate, 82%, only a fraction of 100%, would be achieved.
As determined by UN-Water, the rate of progress must quadruple.
There are many ways to drive this progress forward. Examples include promoting rainwater harvesting, treating water resources with more care, making water well drilling practices better and collaborating with communities.

Endnotes:

Ritchie, Hannah. “Clean Water and Sanitation.” Our World in Data, 1 July 2021, ourworldindata.org/water-access.

Jones, Douglas Henry, and Alfred Thomas Grove. “Chad | History, Flag, Language, Population, Map, and Facts.” Encyclopedia Britannica, 26 July 1999, www.britannica.com/place/Chad.

“Water, Sanitation and Hygiene.” UNICEF Chad, www.unicef.org/chad/water-sanitation-and-hygiene.

“‘Water Is a Huge Paradox in Chad’ - Chad.” ReliefWeb, 1 Feb. 2016, reliefweb.int/report/chad/water-huge-paradox-chad.

“This Is How Oil Spills Damage Our Environment.” World Economic Forum, 20 May 2022, www.weforum.org/agenda/2021/10/oil-spill-environment-ocean.

Cnn, By Laurie Ure. “For Nearly a Billion People, a Glass of Water Means Miles to Walk.” CNN.com, edition.cnn.com/2011/HEALTH/04/29/drinking.water/index.html.

“How to Provide Safe Water to Billions of People by 2030.” World Economic Forum, 1 Oct. 2021, www.weforum.org/agenda/2021/10/how-to-provide-safe-water-to-billions-of-people-by-2030.

“Disease Impact of Unsafe Water.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 18 Oct. 2022, www.cdc.gov/healthywater/global/disease-impact-of-unsafe-water.html.

World Health Organization: WHO. “Drinking-water.” www.who.int, Mar. 2022, www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/drinking-water.

“Global WASH Fast Facts.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 31 May 2022, www.cdc.gov/healthywater/global/wash_statistics.html.

World Health Organization: WHO. “Diarrhoea.” www.who.int, Mar. 2021, www.who.int/health-topics/diarrhoea#tab=tab_1.

Purvis, Katherine. “13 Ways to Provide Water and Sanitation for Nine Billion People.” The Guardian, 6 Oct. 2017, www.theguardian.com/global-development-professionals-network/2015/jul/14/water-sanitation-scarcity-population-growth-summary.